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關於花式滑冰的四圈跳!

關於花式滑冰的四圈跳!

<H1 class=firstHeading id=firstHeading>Quad (figure skating)</H1>
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<H3 id=siteSub>From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia</H3>
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<DIV id=jump-to-nav>Jump to: <A href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#column-one"><FONT color=#800080>navigation</FONT></A>, <A href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#searchInput"><FONT color=#800080>search</FONT></A></DIV><!-- start content -->
<DIV class=dablink>For other meanings of the word "Quad", see <A title=Quad href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad"><FONT color=#0000ff>Quad</FONT></A>.</DIV>
<>A <B>quad</B>, or <B>"quadruple"</B>, is a <A class=mw-redirect title="Figure skating jump" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Figure_skating_jump"><FONT color=#0000ff>figure skating jump</FONT></A> with four or more, but fewer than five, revolutions<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-0><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-0"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>1<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP>. Most quadruples have exactly four revolutions, but one instance of a jump with more than four revolutions, but less than five, is the quadruple <A title="Axel jump" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axel_jump"><FONT color=#0000ff>Axel</FONT></A>, which would be 4 1/2 revolutions. No skater has yet accomplished a quadruple Axel in competition.</P>
<>The first quad jump landed during an official <A title="International Skating Union" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Skating_Union"><FONT color=#0000ff>ISU</FONT></A> competition was performed by <A title="Kurt Browning" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_Browning"><FONT color=#0000ff>Kurt Browning</FONT></A> in 1988.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-autogenerated3_1-0><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-autogenerated3-1"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>2<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP></P>
<TABLE class=toc id=toc summary=Contents>
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<DIV id=toctitle>
<H2>Contents</H2><SPAN class=toctoggle></SPAN></DIV>
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<LI class=toclevel-1><A href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#History"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN class=tocnumber>1</SPAN> <SPAN class=toctext>History</SPAN></FONT></A>
<UL>
<LI class=toclevel-2><A href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#Men"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN class=tocnumber>1.1</SPAN> <SPAN class=toctext>Men</SPAN></FONT></A>
<LI class=toclevel-2><A href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#Ladies"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN class=tocnumber>1.2</SPAN> <SPAN class=toctext>Ladies</SPAN></FONT></A>
<LI class=toclevel-2><A href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#Pairs"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN class=tocnumber>1.3</SPAN> <SPAN class=toctext>airs</SPAN></FONT></A> </LI></UL>
<LI class=toclevel-1><A href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#References"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN class=tocnumber>2</SPAN> <SPAN class=toctext>References</SPAN></FONT></A> </LI></UL></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
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<><A id=History name=History></A></P>
<>The following is a brief timeline of major events in the history of quadruple jumps in figure skating.</P>
<><A id=Men name=Men></A></P>
<H3> <SPAN class=mw-headline>Men</SPAN></H3>
<UL>
<LI>1978-79
<UL>
<LI><A title="Robert Wagenhoffer" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Wagenhoffer"><FONT color=#0000ff>Robert Wagenhoffer</FONT></A> (USA) is rumored to practice quads 10 years before one is officially landed.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-2><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-2"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>3<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>1983
<UL>
<LI><A class=mw-redirect title="Alexandr Fadeev" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexandr_Fadeev"><FONT color=#0000ff>Alexandr Fadeev</FONT></A> (URS) attempts a quad toe loop at the World Championships.<SUP class="noprint Template-Fact"><SPAN title="This claim needs references to reliable sources since January 2008" style="WHITE-SPACE: nowrap">[<I><A title="Wikipedia:Citation needed" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed"><FONT color=#0000ff>citation needed</FONT></A></I>]</SPAN></SUP>
<LI><A title="Mark Cockerell" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Cockerell"><FONT color=#0000ff>Mark Cockerell</FONT></A> (USA) lands quads in training at the US National Sports Festival, but decides not to try it during his performance.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-3><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-3"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>4<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>1984
<UL>
<LI><A class=mw-redirect title="Alexandr Fadeev" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexandr_Fadeev"><FONT color=#0000ff>Alexandr Fadeev</FONT></A> (URS) attempts a quad toe at the Olympics, but it is not officially recognized by the ISU because of a flawed landing.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-autogenerated2_4-0><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-autogenerated2-4"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>5<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>1986
<UL>
<LI><A class=mw-redirect title="Jozef Sabovcik" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jozef_Sabovcik"><FONT color=#0000ff>Jozef Sabovcik</FONT></A> (CZE) attempts a quad toe at the European Championships, but attempt is ruled invalid because of touchdown with free foot.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-autogenerated2_4-1><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-autogenerated2-4"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>5<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP><SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-autogenerated1_5-0><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-autogenerated1-5"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>6<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>1987
<UL>
<LI><A title="Brian Boitano" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Boitano"><FONT color=#0000ff>Brian Boitano</FONT></A> (USA) makes a quad toe attempt at the World Championships but falls and loses his title to <A title="Brian Orser" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Orser"><FONT color=#0000ff>Brian Orser</FONT></A>.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-6><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-6"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>7<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>1988
<UL>
<LI><A title="Kurt Browning" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_Browning"><FONT color=#0000ff>Kurt Browning</FONT></A> (CAN) lands the first quadruple jump (the first quadruple toe loop) at the World Championships. <SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-autogenerated3_1-1><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-autogenerated3-1"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>2<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP><SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-autogenerated1_5-1><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-autogenerated1-5"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>6<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP>
<LI><A title="Brian Boitano" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Boitano"><FONT color=#0000ff>Brian Boitano</FONT></A> (USA) attempts a quad toe later in the same competition but cannot hold the landing and takes an extra step; ruled not valid.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-autogenerated3_1-2><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-autogenerated3-1"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>2<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>1989
<UL>
<LI><A title="Kurt Browning" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_Browning"><FONT color=#0000ff>Kurt Browning</FONT></A> (CAN) lands a quad toe loop at the World Championships.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-autogenerated1_5-2><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-autogenerated1-5"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>6<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP>
<LI><A title="etr Barna" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petr_Barna"><FONT color=#0000ff>etr Barna</FONT></A> (CZE) lands a quad toe loops at the same competition.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-7><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-7"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>8<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>1990
<UL>
<LI><A title="Alexei Urmanov" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexei_Urmanov"><FONT color=#0000ff>Alexei Urmanov</FONT></A> (URS) becomes the first Russian skater to land a quad (quad toe loop) in competition, at the Soviet championships in December. </LI></UL>
<LI>1991
<UL>
<LI><A title="Michael Chack" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Chack"><FONT color=#0000ff>Michael Chack</FONT></A> (USA) attempts a one-foot axel/quad salchow combination at the U.S. Nationals; quad landing is two-footed.
<LI><A title="Alexei Urmanov" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexei_Urmanov"><FONT color=#0000ff>Alexei Urmanov</FONT></A> lands a quadruple toe loop at the European Championships in January.
<LI><A title="Elvis Stojko" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Stojko"><FONT color=#0000ff>Elvis Stojko</FONT></A> (CAN) lands the first quad in combination, the first quadruple toe loop-double toe loop combination, at the World Championships. </LI></UL>
<LI>1992
<UL>
<LI><A title="etr Barna" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petr_Barna"><FONT color=#0000ff>etr Barna</FONT></A> (CZE) lands the first quad (toe loop) in Olympic competition but touch down with free foot.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-8><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-8"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>9<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>1994
<UL>
<LI><A class=mw-redirect title="Min Zhang" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Min_Zhang"><FONT color=#0000ff>Min Zhang</FONT></A> (CHN) lands a quad toe cleanly at the Winter Olympics, Lillehammer. </LI></UL>
<LI>1995
<UL>
<LI><A title="Michael Weiss (figure skater)" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Weiss_(figure_skater)"><FONT color=#0000ff>Michael Weiss</FONT></A> (USA) falls on a quad toe attempt at the U.S. Nationals.
<LI><A class=new title="Francis Gastellu (page does not exist)" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Francis_Gastellu&action=edit&redlink=1"><FONT color=#0000ff>Francis Gastellu</FONT></A> (FRA) lands a quad toe at the French Nationals.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-9><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-9"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>10<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>1996
<UL>
<LI><A title="Guo Zhengxin" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guo_Zhengxin"><FONT color=#0000ff>Guo Zhengxin</FONT></A> (CHN) landed a quad-toe-double toe at the World Championships.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-10><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-10"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>11<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>1997
<UL>
<LI><A title="Michael Weiss (figure skater)" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Weiss_(figure_skater)"><FONT color=#0000ff>Michael Weiss</FONT></A> (USA) two-foots a quad toe attempt at the U.S. Nationals.
<LI><A title="Elvis Stojko" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Stojko"><FONT color=#0000ff>Elvis Stojko</FONT></A> (CAN) lands the first quad-triple combination (the first quad toe-triple toe) at the Champions Series Final.
<LI>A total of three quads are landed by three different skaters at this competition: <A class=mw-redirect title="Ilya Kulik" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ilya_Kulik"><FONT color=#0000ff>Ilya Kulik</FONT></A> (RUS), <A title="Alexei Urmanov" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexei_Urmanov"><FONT color=#0000ff>Alexei Urmanov</FONT></A> (RUS) and <A title="Elvis Stojko" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Stojko"><FONT color=#0000ff>Elvis Stojko</FONT></A> (CAN).
<LI><A class=mw-redirect title="Zhengxin Guo" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhengxin_Guo"><FONT color=#0000ff>Zhengxin Guo</FONT></A> (CHN) is the first to land two quads in a single performance at the World Championships: a quad toe, plus a quad toe-double toe combination, thus also making him the first to land a single quad and a quad in combination together in one performance.
<LI><A title="Elvis Stojko" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Stojko"><FONT color=#0000ff>Elvis Stojko</FONT></A> repeats his quad toe-triple toe at the World Championships.
<LI><A title="Anthony Liu" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Liu"><FONT color=#0000ff>Anthony Liu</FONT></A> (AUS) becomes the first Australian to land a quad at his country's national championships in July (quad toe loop).
<LI>17-year-old <A class=mw-redirect title="Tim Goebel" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_Goebel"><FONT color=#0000ff>Tim Goebel</FONT></A> (USA) attempts quads throughout the fall season at the Junior Champions series, and attempts a quad salchow at the Ukrainian Souvenir competition (where five other men planned quads). The attempt is ruled a two-footed landing. </LI></UL>
<LI>1998
<UL>
<LI><A title="Michael Weiss (figure skater)" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Weiss_(figure_skater)"><FONT color=#0000ff>Michael Weiss</FONT></A> (USA) attempts a quad lutz in both his U.S. Nationals free skate (two-footed) and in his Olympic free skate (fall).
<LI><A title="Todd Eldredge" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Todd_Eldredge"><FONT color=#0000ff>Todd Eldredge</FONT></A> (USA) falls on a quad toe attempt at the U.S. Nationals.
<LI><A title="Timothy Goebel" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timothy_Goebel"><FONT color=#0000ff>Timothy Goebel</FONT></A> (USA) becomes the first American to land a quadruple jump (a quad salchow in combination with a double toe loop) in competition at the Junior Champions Series Final. In so doing he also lands the first quadruple salchow and the first quad salchow in combination (as well as the first quad combination by an American). The jump is not ratified by the ISU for nearly a month.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-11><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-11"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>12<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP>
<LI><A class=mw-redirect title="Ilya Kulik" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ilya_Kulik"><FONT color=#0000ff>Ilya Kulik</FONT></A> (RUS) becomes the first Olympic champion to land a quad in a winning program.
<LI>The <A title="International Skating Union" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Skating_Union"><FONT color=#0000ff>ISU</FONT></A> votes to permit solo quadruple jumps in the men's short program at their biennial congress in June.
<LI><A title="Timothy Goebel" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timothy_Goebel"><FONT color=#0000ff>Timothy Goebel</FONT></A> (USA) lands a clean (solo) quad salchow at the Goodwill Games in July.
<LI><A title="Derek Schmidt" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derek_Schmidt"><FONT color=#0000ff>Derek Schmidt</FONT></A> (CAN) attempts quad toe loops in his short programs during two minor regional Canadian summer competitions but fails to complete the jumps cleanly.
<LI><A title="Elvis Stojko" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Stojko"><FONT color=#0000ff>Elvis Stojko</FONT></A> (CAN) is the first to attempt a quad (toe loop) in a short program at a major international competition at Skate America, but falls on the attempt. </LI></UL>
<LI>1999
<UL>
<LI><A class=mw-redirect title="Min Zhang" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Min_Zhang"><FONT color=#0000ff>Min Zhang</FONT></A> (CHN) becomes the first man to land a quadruple jump (a toe loop) in a short program at the Four Continents Championship in February.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-12><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-12"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>13<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP>
<LI><A title="Timothy Goebel" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timothy_Goebel"><FONT color=#0000ff>Timothy Goebel</FONT></A> (USA) becomes the first man to land three quadruple jumps in a program (long program) at Skate America in October.
<LI><A class=mw-redirect title="Evgeny Plushenko" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evgeny_Plushenko"><FONT color=#0000ff>Evgeny Plushenko</FONT></A> (RUS) performs a quad-triple-double (quadruple toe-triple toe-double loop) combination at the NHK Trophy.
<LI><A title="Michael Weiss (figure skater)" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Weiss_(figure_skater)"><FONT color=#0000ff>Michael Weiss</FONT></A> (USA) is the first American to land a quadruple toe at the World Championships. <SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-13><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-13"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>14<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>2000
<UL>
<LI><A title="Alexei Yagudin" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexei_Yagudin"><FONT color=#0000ff>Alexei Yagudin</FONT></A> (RUS) lands two quadruple jumps in his long program, including one in combination<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-14><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-14"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>15<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>2001
<UL>
<LI><A class=mw-redirect title="Evgeny Plushenko" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evgeny_Plushenko"><FONT color=#0000ff>Evgeny Plushenko</FONT></A> (RUS) lands a quad-triple-double-double (quadruple toe-triple toe-double loop-double loop) at the World Championships. </LI></UL>
<LI>2002
<UL>
<LI><A class=mw-redirect title="Evgeny Plushenko" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evgeny_Plushenko"><FONT color=#0000ff>Evgeny Plushenko</FONT></A> (RUS) lands a quad-triple-triple (quadruple toe-triple toe-triple loop) combination in competition at the Cup of Russia.
<LI><A class=mw-redirect title="Min Zhang" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Min_Zhang"><FONT color=#0000ff>Min Zhang</FONT></A> (CHN) is the first to land three quadruple jumps in the long program at the Olympic Games.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-15><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-15"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>16<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>2008
<UL>
<LI><A title="Kevin Reynolds" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Reynolds"><FONT color=#0000ff>Kevin Reynolds</FONT></A> (CAN) attempts and lands a quad-triple-triple in the Canadian Championships (at the age of 17), being the second one to do so. </LI></UL></LI></UL>
<P>Fome here on out, the ability to land quadruple jumps has become common among World and Olympic level skaters, to the point that not having one in a program is considered a handicap.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-16><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-16"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>17<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP></P>
<P><A id=Ladies name=Ladies><FONT color=#800080></FONT></A></P>
<H3> <SPAN class=mw-headline>Ladies</SPAN></H3>
<UL>
<LI>1989
<UL>
<LI><A title="Surya Bonaly" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surya_Bonaly"><FONT color=#0000ff>Surya Bonaly</FONT></A> (FRA) attempts a quad toe loop at the European Championships; first quad attempt by a lady in a major competition. She also falls on a quad salchow attempt. </LI></UL>
<LI>1991
<UL>
<LI><A title="Surya Bonaly" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surya_Bonaly"><FONT color=#0000ff>Surya Bonaly</FONT></A> (FRA) lands an underrotated quad attempt at the World Championships. </LI></UL>
<LI>1992
<UL>
<LI><A title="Surya Bonaly" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surya_Bonaly"><FONT color=#0000ff>Surya Bonaly</FONT></A> (FRA) lands an underrotated quad toe at the Olympics and later repeats this at the World Championships.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-17><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-17"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>18<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>2001
<UL>
<LI><A title="Sasha Cohen" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sasha_Cohen"><FONT color=#0000ff>Sasha Cohen</FONT></A> (USA) lands a quad salchow in warmup and practice at Skate America, but her attempts in her long program ends up aborted.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-18><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-18"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>19<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP><SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-19><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-19"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>20<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>2002
<UL>
<LI><A title="Miki Ando" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miki_Ando"><FONT color=#0000ff>Miki Ando</FONT></A> (JPN) becomes the first lady to land a quadruple (a salchow) at the Junior Grand Prix Final. <SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-20><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-20"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>21<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL></LI></UL>
<P><A id=Pairs name=Pairs></A></P>
<H3> <SPAN class=mw-headline>Pairs</SPAN></H3>
<UL>
<LI>1977
<UL>
<LI><A title="Marina Cherkasova" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marina_Cherkasova"><FONT color=#0000ff>Marina Cherkasova</FONT></A> and <A class=mw-redirect title="Sergei Shakrai" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergei_Shakrai"><FONT color=#0000ff>Sergei Shakrai</FONT></A> (RUS) perform the first ever quadruple twist (a pair-specific jump) at the European Championships.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-21><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-21"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>22<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>1987
<UL>
<LI><A title="Ekaterina Gordeeva" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ekaterina_Gordeeva"><FONT color=#0000ff>Ekaterina Gordeeva</FONT></A> and <A title="Sergei Grinkov" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergei_Grinkov"><FONT color=#0000ff>Sergei Grinkov</FONT></A> (RUS) land a quadruple twist at the World Championships.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-22><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-22"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>23<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL>
<LI>2000
<UL>
<LI><A class=mw-redirect title="Dan Zhang" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dan_Zhang"><FONT color=#0000ff>Dan Zhang</FONT></A> and <A class=mw-redirect title="Hao Zhang" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hao_Zhang"><FONT color=#0000ff>Hao Zhang</FONT></A> (CHN) perform the first quadruple twist in a Junior competition at the Junior World Championships.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-23><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-23"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>24<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL></LI></UL>
<UL>
<LI>2002
<UL>
<LI><A title="Shen Xue" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shen_Xue"><FONT color=#0000ff>Shen Xue</FONT></A> and <A title="Zhao Hongbo" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhao_Hongbo"><FONT color=#0000ff>Zhao Hongbo</FONT></A> (CHN) attempt a quadruple-throw salchow at the Olympics. Shen lands, then falls, and the jump is not ratified. </LI></UL></LI></UL>
<UL>
<LI>2007
<UL>
<LI><A title="Tiffany Vise" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiffany_Vise"><FONT color=#0000ff>Tiffany Vise</FONT></A> and <A title="Derek Trent" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derek_Trent"><FONT color=#0000ff>Derek Trent</FONT></A> (USA) become the first pair to land a quadruple-throw, a salchow, at the <A class=mw-redirect title="2007 Trophee Eric Bompard" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007_Trophee_Eric_Bompard"><FONT color=#0000ff>2007 Trophee Eric Bompard</FONT></A>.<SUP class=reference id=cite_ref-24><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_note-24"><FONT color=#800080><SPAN>[</SPAN>25<SPAN>]</SPAN></FONT></A></SUP> </LI></UL></LI></UL>
<P><A id=References name=References></A></P>
<H2> <SPAN class=mw-headline>References</SPAN></H2>
<DIV class=references-small>
<OL class=references>
<LI id=cite_note-0><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-0"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <A class="external text" title=http://www.olympic.org/uk/sports/programme/glossary_uk.asp?DiscCode=FS href="http://www.olympic.org/uk/sports/programme/glossary_uk.asp?DiscCode=FS" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>International Olympic Committee - Sports</FONT></A>
<LI id=cite_note-autogenerated3-1>^ <A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-autogenerated3_1-0"><SUP><I><B><FONT color=#800080>a</FONT></B></I></SUP></A> <A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-autogenerated3_1-1"><SUP><I><B><FONT color=#800080>b</FONT></B></I></SUP></A> <A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-autogenerated3_1-2"><SUP><I><B><FONT color=#800080>c</FONT></B></I></SUP></A> <CITE class=news style="FONT-STYLE: normal"><A class="external text" title=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DE6DE123EF935A15750C0A96E948260 href="http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DE6DE123EF935A15750C0A96E948260" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>"A Quadruple Jump on Ice"</FONT></A>. The New York Times. 1988-03-26<SPAN class=printonly>. <A class="external free" title=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DE6DE123EF935A15750C0A96E948260 href="http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DE6DE123EF935A15750C0A96E948260" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940DE6DE123EF935A15750C0A96E948260</FONT></A></SPAN><SPAN class=reference-accessdate>. Retrieved on 2007-10-14</SPAN>.</CITE><SPAN class=Z3988 title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=A+Quadruple+Jump+on+Ice&rft.atitle=&rft.date=1988-03-26&rft.pub=The+New+York+Times&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fquery.nytimes.com%2Fgst%2Ffullpage.html%3Fres%3D940DE6DE123EF935A15750C0A96E948260&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.orguad_(figure_skating)&gt;<SPAN style="DISPLAY: none"> </SPAN></SPAN>
<LI id=cite_note-2><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-2"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <A class="external text" title=http://andrejkoymasky.com/liv/fam/biow1/wage1.html href="http://andrejkoymasky.com/liv/fam/biow1/wage1.html" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>Matt & Andrej Koymasky - Famous GLTB - Robert Wagenhoffer</FONT></A>
<LI id=cite_note-3><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-3"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <CITE class=news style="FONT-STYLE: normal">"Cockerell Captures Skating". The New York Times. 2003-06-27.</CITE><SPAN class=Z3988 title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Cockerell+Captures+Skating&rft.atitle=&rft.date=2003-06-27&rft.pub=The+New+York+Times&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.orguad_(figure_skating)&gt;<SPAN style="DISPLAY: none"> </SPAN></SPAN>
<LI id=cite_note-autogenerated2-4>^ <A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-autogenerated2_4-0"><SUP><I><B><FONT color=#800080>a</FONT></B></I></SUP></A> <A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-autogenerated2_4-1"><SUP><I><B><FONT color=#800080>b</FONT></B></I></SUP></A> Smith. "Figure Skating: A Celebration"
<LI id=cite_note-autogenerated1-5>^ <A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-autogenerated1_5-0"><SUP><I><B><FONT color=#800080>a</FONT></B></I></SUP></A> <A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-autogenerated1_5-1"><SUP><I><B><FONT color=#800080>b</FONT></B></I></SUP></A> <A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-autogenerated1_5-2"><SUP><I><B><FONT color=#800080>c</FONT></B></I></SUP></A> <CITE class=news style="FONT-STYLE: normal"><A class="external text" title=http://www.skate.org/browning/faq.html href="http://www.skate.org/browning/faq.html" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>"Kurt Browning FAQ"</FONT></A><SPAN class=printonly>. <A class="external free" title=http://www.skate.org/browning/faq.html href="http://www.skate.org/browning/faq.html" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>http://www.skate.org/browning/faq.html</FONT></A></SPAN>.</CITE><SPAN class=Z3988 title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Kurt+Browning+FAQ&rft.atitle=&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.skate.org%2Fbrowning%2Ffaq.html&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.orguad_(figure_skating)&gt;<SPAN style="DISPLAY: none"> </SPAN></SPAN>
<LI id=cite_note-6><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-6"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <CITE class=news style="FONT-STYLE: normal">"Boitano Isn't Upset By Loss Of His Title". The New York Times. 1987-03-14.</CITE><SPAN class=Z3988 title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Boitano+Isn%27t+Upset+By+Loss+Of+His+Title&rft.atitle=&rft.date=1987-03-14&rft.pub=The+New+York+Times&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.orguad_(figure_skating)&gt;<SPAN style="DISPLAY: none"> </SPAN></SPAN>
<LI id=cite_note-7><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-7"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <CITE class=news id=CITEREFBeverley_Smith1998 style="FONT-STYLE: normal">Beverley Smith (1998-04-21). "Artistic Success". Globe and Mail.</CITE><SPAN class=Z3988 title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Artistic+Success&rft.atitle=&rft.aulast=Beverley+Smith&rft.au=Beverley+Smith&rft.date=1998-04-21&rft.pub=Globe+and+Mail&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.orguad_(figure_skating)&gt;<SPAN style="DISPLAY: none"> </SPAN></SPAN>
<LI id=cite_note-8><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-8"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <CITE class=news id=CITEREFMichael_Janofsky1992 style="FONT-STYLE: normal">Michael Janofsky (1992-02-16). <A class="external text" title=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE2D7173EF935A25751C0A964958260 href="http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE2D7173EF935A25751C0A964958260" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>"Petrenko Gets a Gold, Wylie a Silver Surprise"</FONT></A>. The New York Times<SPAN class=printonly>. <A class="external free" title=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE2D7173EF935A25751C0A964958260 href="http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE2D7173EF935A25751C0A964958260" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE2D7173EF935A25751C0A964958260</FONT></A></SPAN>.</CITE><SPAN class=Z3988 title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Petrenko+Gets+a+Gold%2C+Wylie+a+Silver+Surprise&rft.atitle=&rft.aulast=Michael+Janofsky&rft.au=Michael+Janofsky&rft.date=1992-02-16&rft.pub=The+New+York+Times&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fquery.nytimes.com%2Fgst%2Ffullpage.html%3Fres%3D9E0CE2D7173EF935A25751C0A964958260&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.orguad_(figure_skating)&gt;<SPAN style="DISPLAY: none"> </SPAN></SPAN>
<LI id=cite_note-9><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-9"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> L'Equipe. 12/1994
<LI id=cite_note-10><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-10"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <A class="external text" title=http://www.iceskatingintnl.com/archive/results_worlds/world96m.htm href="http://www.iceskatingintnl.com/archive/results_worlds/world96m.htm" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>Worlds</FONT></A>
<LI id=cite_note-11><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-11"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 4/1/1998
<LI id=cite_note-12><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-12"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <A class="external text" title=http://www.isufs.org/bios/isufs00003104.htm href="http://www.isufs.org/bios/isufs00003104.htm" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>Crystal Report Viewer</FONT></A>
<LI id=cite_note-13><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-13"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <A class="external text" title=http://www.goldenskate.com/articles/2003/051604.shtml href="http://www.goldenskate.com/articles/2003/051604.shtml" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>Interview with Figure Skater Michael Weiss - Figure Skating News</FONT></A>
<LI id=cite_note-14><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-14"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <CITE class=news style="FONT-STYLE: normal">"Quad jumps bring Yagudin third title". The Independent, London. 2000-03-21.</CITE><SPAN class=Z3988 title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Quad+jumps+bring+Yagudin+third+title&rft.atitle=&rft.date=2000-03-21&rft.pub=The+Independent%2C+London&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.orguad_(figure_skating)&gt;<SPAN style="DISPLAY: none"> </SPAN></SPAN>
<LI id=cite_note-15><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-15"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <A class="external text" title=http://news.bbc.co.uk/winterolympics2002/hi/english/skating/newsid_1821000/1821744.stm href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/winterolympics2002/hi/english/skating/newsid_1821000/1821744.stm" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>bbc sports winter olympics 2002</FONT></A>
<LI id=cite_note-16><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-16"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <CITE class=news style="FONT-STYLE: normal">"Not taking same path as others". Gazette, The (Colorado Springs). 2003-03-25.</CITE><SPAN class=Z3988 title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Not+taking+same+path+as+others&rft.atitle=&rft.date=2003-03-25&rft.pub=Gazette%2C+The+%28Colorado+Springs%29&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.orguad_(figure_skating)&gt;<SPAN style="DISPLAY: none"> </SPAN></SPAN>
<LI id=cite_note-17><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-17"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <CITE class=news style="FONT-STYLE: normal"><A class="external text" title=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_19950305/ai_n13969460 href="http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_19950305/ai_n13969460" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>"Fire of an ice queen"</FONT></A><SPAN class=printonly>. <A class="external free" title=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_19950305/ai_n13969460 href="http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_19950305/ai_n13969460" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_19950305/ai_n13969460</FONT></A></SPAN>.</CITE><SPAN class=Z3988 title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Fire+of+an+ice+queen&rft.atitle=&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Ffindarticles.com%2Fp%2Farticles%2Fmi_qn4158%2Fis_19950305%2Fai_n13969460&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.orguad_(figure_skating)&gt;<SPAN style="DISPLAY: none"> </SPAN></SPAN>
<LI id=cite_note-18><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-18"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <CITE class=news id=CITEREFAmy_Rosewater2001 style="FONT-STYLE: normal">Amy Rosewater (2001-12-26). <A class="external text" title=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A05EEDA1231F935A15751C1A9679C8B63 href="http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A05EEDA1231F935A15751C1A9679C8B63" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>"Cohen Continues Her Comeback"</FONT></A>. The New York Times<SPAN class=printonly>. <A class="external free" title=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A05EEDA1231F935A15751C1A9679C8B63 href="http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A05EEDA1231F935A15751C1A9679C8B63" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A05EEDA1231F935A15751C1A9679C8B63</FONT></A></SPAN>.</CITE><SPAN class=Z3988 title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Cohen+Continues+Her+Comeback&rft.atitle=&rft.aulast=Amy+Rosewater&rft.au=Amy+Rosewater&rft.date=2001-12-26&rft.pub=The+New+York+Times&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fquery.nytimes.com%2Fgst%2Ffullpage.html%3Fres%3D9A05EEDA1231F935A15751C1A9679C8B63&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.orguad_(figure_skating)&gt;<SPAN style="DISPLAY: none"> </SPAN></SPAN>
<LI id=cite_note-19><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-19"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> [ - Sasha Cohen - 2001 Skate America, "Carmen"]
<LI id=cite_note-20><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-20"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <A class="external text" title=http://absoluteskating.com/articles/2004mikiando.htm href="http://absoluteskating.com/articles/2004mikiando.htm" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>Absolute Skating</FONT></A>
<LI id=cite_note-21><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-21"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <A class="external text" title=http://www.reference.com/search?q=pairs%20skating href="http://www.reference.com/search?q=pairs%20skating" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>pairs skating - Information from Reference.com</FONT></A>
<LI id=cite_note-22><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-22"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <A class="external text" title=http://www.answers.com/topic/sergei-grinkov href="http://www.answers.com/topic/sergei-grinkov" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>Sergei Grinkov: Information and Much More from Answers.com</FONT></A>
<LI id=cite_note-23><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-23"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <A class="external text" title=http://web.icenetwork.com/skaters/detail.jsp?id=38769&mode=P href="http://web.icenetwork.com/skaters/detail.jsp?id=38769&mode=P" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>icenetwork.com: Skaters</FONT></A>
<LI id=cite_note-24><B><A title="" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quad_(figure_skating)#cite_ref-24"><FONT color=#800080>^</FONT></A></B> <A class="external text" title=http://figureskating.about.com/od/historyoffigureskating/qt/quadsalcowthrow.htm href="http://figureskating.about.com/od/historyoffigureskating/qt/quadsalcowthrow.htm" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>Quadruple Throw Salchow - Tiffany Vise and Derek Trent Land the First Quad Throw Salchow</FONT></A> </LI></OL></DIV><!--
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<DIV class=printfooter>Quad (figure skating). (2008, December 17). In <I>Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia</I>. Retrieved 15:11, March 23, 2009, from <A class="external free" title=http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quad_(figure_skating)&oldid=258635167 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quad_(figure_skating)&oldid=258635167" rel=nofollow><FONT color=#0000ff>http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quad_(figure_skating)&oldid=258635167</FONT></A></DIV></DIV>

[ 本帖最後由 link 於 2009-3-23 23:13 編輯 ]

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<P>剛好有人問就順便轉過來了</P>
<P>上面中間列出的是在比較大的賽事中有跳出4圈跳的名單</P>
<P>最下面是參考的一些網站~ </P>
<P>有興趣的也可以去逛逛!!</P>

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阿鬼,說中文啊!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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所以說還沒有人在比賽中跳過quadruple Axel囉<br>好險在前幾行就看到答案了...<br>後面直接略過
你長大了嗎?

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<P>剛剛看了一下~ </P>
<P>發現一些有趣的東西~~^^ </P>
<P>就是關於世界上最早在比賽中"成功"跳出4圈跳的</P>
<P> (看一下會發現前面跳四圈的都是跳TOE LOOP) </P>
<P>從1980年起就有許多男子滑冰選手嘗試在比賽中做 4 TOE </P>
<P>包含Brian Boitano, Brian Orser and Jozef Sabovcik </P>
<P>但他們卻都有有失誤 </P>
<P> </P>
<P>1984 </P>
<P>Alexandr Fadeev (URS) </P>
<P>奧運中有跳嘗試跳4 TOE,但ISU判定著冰失誤 </P>
<P> </P>
<P>1986 </P>
<P>Jozef Sabovcik (CZE) </P>
<P>在European Championships跳4 TOE, 但著冰時有使用自由足.(見影片1:56處) </P>
<P></P>
<OBJECT height=344 width=425><PARAM NAME="movie" VALUE="http://www.youtube.com/v/5f0K-YqQsl0&hl=zh_TW&fs=1"><PARAM NAME="allowFullScreen" VALUE="true"><PARAM NAME="allowscriptaccess" VALUE="always">
<embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/5f0K-YqQsl0&hl=zh_TW&fs=1" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="425" height="344"></embed></OBJECT>
<P></P>
<P> </P>
<P> </P>
<P>1987 </P>
<P>Brian Boitano (USA) </P>
<P>在World Championships中跳4TOE ,但是著冰摔倒.</P>
<P><FONT color=blue>&lt;他的影片在下面的回覆中有補上!&gt;</FONT></P>
<P>一直到1988年的World Championships (in Budapest) </P>
<P>才由Kurt Browning在比賽中成功的完成4 TOE </P>
<P>所以說嘗試跳的人很多</P>
<P>但男子滑冰第一個"成功"跳出4 TOE 的是Kurt Browning</P>
<P> -- </P>
<P>可以去找找Kurt Browning這位選手~</P>
<P>他也是世界上第一個做出3 Salchow+3 loop的選手</P>
<P> (在1990 Nations Cup in Germany)</P>
<P>也是很有趣的一位選手^^</P>
<P> </P>
<P>在此附上Kurt Browning 當時的影片!</P>
<P> </P>
<P>
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<embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/KVecIlHmSG0&hl=zh_TW&fs=1" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="425" height="344"></embed></OBJECT></P>
<P>4 TOE在34秒的地方!!!</P>
<P> </P>
<P>--</P>
<P>link說...</P>
<P>請點選下面網址</P>
<P>已獲得更多Kurt Browning!!! </P>
<P><A href="http://www.skate.org/browning/faq.html">http://www.skate.org/browning/faq.html</A></P>

[ 本帖最後由 link 於 2009-3-24 02:23 編輯 ]

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<>直接看很有趣... </P>
<>但如果要全部翻譯再打上來很痛苦耶... </P>
<>現在關於滑冰的東西有99.999%不是中文的吧!= =!!</P>
<> </P>
<>我文章通常會慢慢修慢慢補些有的沒的~</P>
<> </P>
<>如果有版友看了有興趣就一起分享心得吧^^!!!</P>

[ 本帖最後由 link 於 2009-3-24 00:15 編輯 ]

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"上一頁"

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<P>什麼"上一頁"= = !? </P>
<P>---- </P>
<P>繼續TALKING!!! </P>
<P>有看完前面文章應該記得1987年的 </P>
<P>Brian Boitano (USA)吧!!! </P>
<P> </P>
<P>他好酷喔^^!!! </P>
<P>你可以看一下他當年的影片</P>
<P>他可以將手向上拉直做 triple Lutzu耶~~!(第一次看到^^)! </P>
<P>&lt;1:54&gt;開場的第一個跳躍!</P>
<P>&lt;2:45&gt;4 toe落地失誤摔倒(練習時動作完成度很高說..可惜!)</P>
<P>
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<embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/9Xay26ONdXU&hl=zh_TW&fs=1" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="425" height="344"></embed></OBJECT></P>
<P> </P>
<P>最近看到的就MAO在4CC組合跳中做 double loop時有舉手</P>
<P>&lt;1:48&gt;的3flip+2loop+2loop中的最後一個LOOP時</P>
<P> </P>
<P>
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<embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/s6V-PnA5Bts&hl=zh_TW&fs=1" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="480" height="295"></embed></OBJECT></P>

[ 本帖最後由 link 於 2009-3-24 02:19 編輯 ]

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不記得

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